P. Nixon, Dvr. The official casualties estimated by Rundstedt are 3,300 but these numbers are challenged by historians.

Just after the last one was dropped, the fuel tank exploded, tearing off the wing, and only navigator F/O Harry A. In early autumn this meant that observation would be seriously restricted.

[106] Interrogation of captured German soldiers led to some of them willingly,[104] others after being threatened,[107] pointing out the remaining German positions. But still, some attacks did not proceed as planned, and though most bridges were taken, some were not, and some were demolished by their defenders. The boats were requested for late afternoon but did not arrive at that time. The decision to drop the 82nd Airborne Division on the Groesbeek Heights, several kilometres from the Nijmegen Bridge, has been questioned because it resulted in a long delay in its capture. In the north the 7th King's Own Scottish Borderers were almost overrun during the afternoon but a counterattack with bayonets restored the situation and the heavily depleted battalion moved further south to occupy a narrower front.

While agreeing that Montgomery's drive towards the Ruhr should have priority, he still thought it was important to "get Patton moving again". Working with Field Marshal Walter Model, Rundstedt began to bring a degree of coherence back to the German army in the west.

Operation Market Garden, launched in September 1944, was an unsuccessful Allied offensive mainly, fought in the Netherlands.  • Finland Initially ordered to take his command to the Rhineland for rest and reinforcements, Chill disregarded the order and moved his forces to the Albert Canal, linking up with the 719th; he also had 'reception centres' set up at the bridges crossing the Albert Canal, where small groups of retreating troops were picked up and turned into 'ad hoc' units.  • Market Garden A combined effort to take the Nijmegen bridge was mounted by two companies from the Guards Armoured Division and the 2nd Battalion, 505th Parachute Infantry Regiment. Numerous well-sited British anti-tank guns also caused German reluctance to attack.

[102][105] Portions of the artillery barrage were refired and fresh waves of Hawker Typhoons were called in.

Although it ultimately failed to achieve its objectives, the determination and courage shown by the airborne troops and the units that assisted them made Market Garden one of the Second World War’s (1939-45) most famous battles.

Lacking assault craft, an unsuccessful attempt was made that night to put elements of the Polish brigade across the river.  • Berlin To make matters worse, British Gen. Sir Brian Horrocks halted his advance on the second day to regroup after assisting in the assault on Nijmegen Bridge. [101], Irish Guards Sherman tanks advance past previously destroyed ones 17 September 1944, On the morning of 17 September Lieutenant-General Brian Horrocks was given confirmation that the operation was to take place that day. Naquela semana - a 263ª da Segunda Guerra Mundial - o Comandante Supremo das Forças Aliadas, o general Dwight David Eisenhower, desencadeou a Operação Market Garden, uma das mais ousadas e engenhosas da guerra, uma ofensiva combinada aeroterrestre e de superfície, idealizada pelo Marechal de Campo Bernard Montgomery. This failed, and a plan was developed calling for elements of the 82nd to cross by boat and attack the north end while XXX Corps assaulted from the south. Anos mais tarde em suas memórias o Marechal Montegomery, escreveu : króla Willema I i Orderu Brązowego Lwa przez Jej Wysokość Królową, 31 maja 2006 roku w Hadze", http://www.defensie.nl/_system/handlers/generaldownloadHandler.ashx?filename=/media/Uitreiking_Militaire_Willemsorde_Polen_tcm46-105269.pdf, "Nationaal Bevrijdingsmuseum 1944–1945 – Bezoekinformatie", "Airborne Operations in World War II, European Theater", http://www.afhra.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-090602-016.pdf, http://www.pen-and-sword.co.uk/?product_id=1971, "Chapter 19: The Decision to Launch Operation Market-Garden", United States Army Center of Military History, http://www.history.army.mil/books/70-7_19.htm, http://www.da.mod.uk/colleges/jscsc/jscsc-library/bibliographies/campaign-and-battle-studies/ArnhemInternet.pdf, Finnish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union, German prisoners of war in the Soviet Union, German prisoners of war in the United States, Italian prisoners of war in the Soviet Union, Japanese prisoners of war in the Soviet Union, Japanese prisoners of war in World War II, Polish prisoners of war in the Soviet Union, Romanian prisoners of war in the Soviet Union, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Operation_Market_Garden?oldid=5250105.

After the victory of the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment at Wijchen the Germans tried to attack the Edithbridge from the north end.

The division was left in a precarious position, controlling just 700 metres (770 yards) of the riverbank.

Thick fog in England and low clouds over the battle zone hampered both resupply and the air-lifting of reinforcements. (illustrator); Wilson, Major D.B. About 25 km (16 mi) to the west was another bridge similar to Arnhem at Rhenen, which he predicted would be undefended because of all the efforts being directed on Oosterbeek. Browning and Gavin considered holding a defensive blocking position on the ridge a prerequisite for holding the highway corridor. Allied positions in the Nijmegen Salient as it came to be known, were manned throughout the rest of September and October by airborne units, then handed over to the First Canadian Army in November 1944 and remained unchanged until February 1945 when Operation Veritable was launched on the Rhineland, advancing east instead of north towards Arnhem. Operation Market Garden Allied Plan -Duncan Jackson CC BY-SA 4.0. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. Food, water and medical supplies were scarce, and so many buildings were on fire and in such serious danger of collapse that a two-hour truce was arranged to evacuate the wounded (including Lieutenant-Colonel Frost) into German captivity. The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division would be flown to the captured Deelen Airfield on D+5. Várias pontes foram tomadas entre as cidades de Eindhoven e Nijmegen. German casualties are harder to determine, as the records are mostly incomplete. British 1st Parachute Battalion at Arnhem 17 September 1944. In the 82nd Airborne Division, 89% of troops landed on or within 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) of their drop zones and 84% of gliders landed on or within 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) of their landing zones. Brereton had no experience in airborne operations but had extensive command experience at the air force level in several theatres, most recently as commander of Ninth Air Force, which gave him a working knowledge of the operations of IX Troop Carrier Command. This contrasted with previous operations where night drops had resulted in units being scattered by up to 19 kilometres (12 mi). By the end of the battle some 110 guns had been brought to Oosterbeek as the Germans shifted to the tactics that had worked so well at Arnhem bridge. If successful, Allied forces would be over the Rhine in a position to attack the Ruhr while avoiding the Westwall by working around its northern end. What's worse is that the paratrooper's relief was moving much slower than expected, moving about half of its planned advance on the first day. Forced by the supply situation to slow the general advance and focus on a more narrow front, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander, began to contemplate the Allies' next move. These caused concerns and Eisenhower dispatched his Chief of Staff, General Walter Bedell Smith, to speak with Montgomery.